Message from Dakar on 15/8/2020
In these Summer months of 2020, Senegal must face, like other countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, a health crisis with the Covid-19 impacting its major projects & a climate crisis including the price of raw materials, all of these in a state of predominant informal economy (in terms of employment) and early de-industrialization.
To help relieve this situation, Senegal has decided, through the PSE, to use the arrival of major Oil & Gas Projects as a catalyst for its re-industrialization which will benefit other sectors such as Renewable Energies, Mining …
Senegal, a historic oil country, reappears in the club of major gas producers.
Senegal has a long experience in the oil sector, its National Oil Company of Senegal, PETROSEN was created 40 years ago. It is in charge of promoting oil potential and exploiting resources (upstream and downstream).
The Gadiaga field (Fortesa) is currently the only producing field of gas for the past 25 years with a pipeline to supply the Sococim power plant.
Based on recent major offshore oil and gas discoveries, two Major Projects have been launched: Greater Tortue Ahmeyim LNG (GTA) on the Senegal-Mauritanian border (oil and gas production planned for 2023) and Sangomar (SNE) (oil production planned for 2023).
The BP (Operator) “Greater Tortue Ahmeyim” (GTA) project will consist of a set of underwater wells, connected to a Floating production storage and offloading vessel (FPSO). The FPSO (Contracted through Technip-FMC) being itself connected to a floating FLNG liquefaction unit (Contracted through the Golar company for 20 years) docked at a pier protected by a Breakwater (contracted through Eiffage/Saipem).
The Subsea’s equipments are contracted through GE/Baker Hughes and McDermott.
The Sangomar Project (SNE), of Woodside (Operator), Cairn Energy FAR and Petrosen, will consist of a set of 23 underwater wells, connected to a FPSO production, storage and unloading vessel (contracted through Modec) which is expected to have a production capacity of 100,000 barrels per day. The Subsea’s equipments are contracted through the Subsea Integration Alliance (OneSubsea and Subsea7). OneSubsea (company will provide the equipments and Subsea 7 for flow lines.
While many local content opportunities exist in offshore production facilities, their implementation depends on decisions initially taken by the national authorities, in consultation with the operating company and the EPC contractors involved.
The law of February 1st, 2019 on Local Content must be specified by implementing decrees that remain pending. These decrees, which are not retroactive, will not apply to “recorded” projects such as GTA (phase 1) and Sangomar (SNE).
These projects have been “defined, validated and approved via their development or exploitation plan. The new law will apply to future projects that will be sanctioned after its publication. (This could be the case in particular for the Yakaar-Teranga project).
The local fabrication of the current GTA project has been strictly limited to the minimum to avoid additional costs, risks of slippage of schedule or difficulties of realization. Thus BP and TechnipFMC, in accordance with the above and also due to the saturation of the harbour of Dakar, have postponed the option of local fabrication of metal structural elements of the FPSO. Mc Dermott & Baker Hughes/GE (Subsea equipment) did not choose local fabrication either.
Eiffage has managed to set up the fabrication of the breakwater dike, consisting of 21 concrete caissons of 16,000 tons in Dakar, while the landing will be prefabricated by Saipem (in elements to be assembled) in the yard of Karimun in Indonesia.
Regarding phases 2 &3 of GTA, BP has just issued its suppliers a request for the reduction of Capex and the search for new ways of partnership and technical solutions (liquefaction, gas transport…). It would be appropriate, however, to maintain the pressure for the development of Local Content with the involvement of local structural engineering structures (e.g. Laxone/Safier) and metal construction structures (e.g. Chantiers Navals Dakarnave)
Regarding SNE, shares of Local Content could still be identified in particular regarding the subcontracting of the FPSO by Modec and the supply of Surf equipment by Subsea 7.
The country has a refinery (SAR) being extended/renovated (with 70% Local Content), oil stocks and obviously oil-fired thermal power plants and renewable energy plants. These oil-fired power stations will have to be renovated when they switch to gas as soon as the latter is available.
Other industrial assets of the country include: mines, cement factories, chemicals (production of phosphoric acid and fertilizers from phosphate), the maritime sector, the manufacture of machinery and building materials.
The needs of the Senegalese economy of oil & gas and other sectors in the longer term will contribute to the reduction of youth unemployment by a better match of the supply and demand of national labour in sectors with high demand for labour.
Labour Market information:
- 5,000 graduates of short higher education (vocational bachelor degree type)
- 100,000 high school graduates (bac pro / bac general or lower)
If the graduates of short higher education want to be able to fill the positions of senior technicians/engineers linked to the development of the sectors (Oil &Gas, mining, energy, marine), the following reforms need to be done in the local universities (ESP, EPT and Gaston Berger):
- Competency-based Approach (CPA)
- Apprenticeships and internships during school holidays
- Valuing acquired through experience (VAE)
In the intermediate period, it would be useful to rapidly develop a training course/adaptation to the positions to be filled.
With regard to secondary school leavers, it was decided to create in the city of Saint Louis, a vocational training centre for the Oil & Gas, Energy and Mining sectors, as was done with the Centre de Formation Métiers Portuaires et Logistique (CFML), launched in 2011 (see below).
Concerning all levels and on the basis of the needs identified, it is a question of developing new courses referring to professional skills not sufficiently present on the Senegalese market, particularly in the technological sectors linked to international standards (HSE, international certifications in welding as well as in drilling…).
Message from Pointe Noire on 15/4/2020
The activities of the ACP group have been impacted by the country’s economic crisis, which has mainly accelerated since 2016. Mining activities that could have generated training or local content projects have not been successful. There is no visibility in this sector. On the recruitment side, most of the large companies suspended their recruitment programmes during the period.
In this specific context, the ACP group of Pointe Noire has not been able to evolve towards project developments.
Creation of the MEDAF group (Mediterranean Africa) in Aix en Provence on 6th April 2016
As announced at the 2016 General Assembly, we launched our MEDAF Regional Pole with 20 local members (partners and individuals) of our association and our guests with the aim of identifying and developing synergies to respond to local and international opportunities (Mediterranean, Africa).
To help us do this, Jean Michel Diaz, the PACA Regional Delegate at Total, and Anthony Mazeau (Eiffage, offshore wind turbine) participated in our reflection.
Many areas of interest were identified by the members of the group, during the round table: various operations on pipes, opportunities in Mexico by Eosys, in Algeria via ICAT, PIICTO Total project, Ecole Oleum Sud Total, refining of HVO vegetable oil, training needs among channelizers, with the IRA or in Africa, possibility of expertise for the insurer GM Consultant (Bertrand Chaugny in charge of Middle East Africa, who has just joined the ACP), possibilities to expand applications in Cathodic protection (wind, boats, ports, tanks) in particular via members of the Club de la Mesure.
The Total PACA Regional Development is mobilized as part of the restructuring of the La Mède refinery (world-class bio-refinery, development of a logistics and storage platform for refined products, construction of an 8 MW photovoltaic farm, and creation of Oléum Sud, training school with use of units stopped for in situ training in maintenance , control command … ).
The measures implemented by regional development (financial support, innovation aid, international support) contribute to the creation and maintenance of employment in partnership with local socio-economic actors (support for innovation, export support). Website: http://developpement-regional.total.com.
In addition, Total, as part of its regional development (PACA) has undertaken, after the success of the Oléum Nord training centre created as part of the conversion of the Dunkirk site, to set up Oléum Sud, a full-scale training centre in partnership with IFP Training, oriented in particular towards training in the exploration and production trades (although without coverage of marine/off-shore specialties).
We have planned to federate our projects within the framework of 6 poles: Refining in Africa // EOR (reactivation of old fields) // Integrity of pipelines // E&P training // Exploration- Drilling in the Mediterranean //Offshore wind turbines.
We met in the afternoon at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure de la Marine (meeting of the Club de la Mesure) where the management of the school welcomed us to study the terms and conditions of an ENSM/ICAT partnership on Total’s Ecole Oleum Sud project.
There is a great complementarity and convergence between our fields of activity, the training and R&D issues attached to them and we have transmitted to Total an expression of interest of the ENSM Marseille to cooperate in order to offer marine / offshore training modules that would complement the Oil and Gas training modules (done by the IFP) to the future Oléum Sud Training Centre.
The Management of this new ACP-CAP CAPM group remains essential as we obtained a lot of interests among those present to the meeting. This site (see also MEDAF News) will be an opportunity for each of the members or partners to report on their activities, missions, meetings, needs, possible synergies ….”
Réunion suivie du Groupe Afrique basé à Pointe Noire, Congo – 30 Novembre 2013
Lancement, le 4 juin 2013, à Pointe Noire de notre Groupe Afrique
Avec la participation d’une vingtaine de personnes (consultants actuels ou potentiels, pétroliers, sociétés de service local). Nos deux premiers membres (Emile Ngouolali et Dominique Ngonga) suivent le développement de notre nouveau groupe. Nous avons exploré avec Total les possibilités de participation au Local Content de Moho Nord.
Les deux leaders du Groupe sont :
Dominique Ngonga 52 ans, diplômé ingénieur production de l’IAP (Boumerdes). Après une carrière dans l’enseignement (5 ans), a occupé pendant plus de 25 ans des postes d’ingénieur exploitation et de cadre à Hydro Congo/SNPC et Congorep (SNPC+ Perenco). Il est consultant depuis 5 ans (SNPC, Banque Mondiale, ICAT) et finalise la création de sa société N & D Consulting de conseil et de mise à disposition de personnel. (contact : email@example.com mob + 242 06 664 37 52
Emile Ngouolali 61 ans, licence en Sciences Commerciales et Financières Bruxelles & Maîtrise en Administration et Gestion des Entreprises. Après 32 ans de carrière chez Total E & P Congo (Management Etablissement Brazza, Ressources Humaines : formation, carrières, recrutement), a créé son activité de consultant en s’intégrant en juillet 2012 à GEEPS Consulting (RH, Développement Durable, études Management), qu’il souhaite développer auprès des Sociétés y compris en recrutement, formation et développement des RH. (contact : firstname.lastname@example.org mob + 242 05 520 53 36)